Differential sensitivity of an invasive and an indigenous ladybeetle to two reduced-risk insecticides

harlequin-329326

Référence :

Cabrera, P., D. Cormier and É. Lucas. 2017. Differential sensitivity of an invasive and an indigenous ladybeetle to two reduced-risk insecticides Journal of Applied Entomology. 141. 690-701.

Résumé :

The invasive multicoloured Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), and the indigenous twelve spotted lady beetle, Coleomegilla maculata DeGeer (Col., Coccinellidae), are two important generalist predators commonly found in apple orchards in Quebec, Canada. Both species are exposed to two reduced-risk insecticides, recently adopted to control codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lep., Tortricidae) in south-eastern Canada. Chlorantraniliprole (Altacor® 35 WG), an anthranilic diamide insecticide, causes paralyses of the muscle cells by interfering with the insect ryanodine receptors, whereas novaluron (Rimon® EC 10), a benzoylphenyl urea, inhibits the chitin synthesis. The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity of both the invasive ladybeetle H. axyridis and the indigenous C. maculata to reduced-risk insecticides through the assessment of lethal effect on eggs and larvae following topical contact, ingestion of treated prey and exposure to fresh residues, at field rates (50.75 g a.i./ha chlorantraniliprole and 100 g a.i./ha novaluron) in laboratory conditions. Eggs of both species were not affected. Following 6 days of residual contact, chlorantraniliprole and novaluron caused more than 98% mortality to larvae of both ladybeetle species. In topical contact and ingestion trials, chlorantraniliprole caused less than 18% mortality to larvae of the two species after 6 days following exposure. Novaluron had a drastically different impact on the two predators. It did not affect the indigenous C. maculata, whereas it killed 91% and 96% of H. axyridis individuals after 6 days, respectively, following topical contact and ingestion. These results illustrate a differential sensitivity to novaluron between two relatively close species (subfamily Coccinellinae), a potential impact on the invasion process by H. axyridis, and consequently on the ladybeetle assemblage in the field.