NPK fertilizer trials for beets on mineral soils in Québec

Christine Landry, researcher

Christine Landry

Researcher

418 643-2380
ext 640

Contact Christine Landry

Description

The total area planted to beets in Québec has been increasing in recent years. Over 650 hectares of beets were grown in 2011. Yet no fertilization chart had been developed specifically for this crop. The chart in use was not based on scientific trials and was a general chart for beets and radishes. Industry stakeholders estimated that the recommended nitrogen dose of 11 kg N/ha was not sufficient to cover the crops needs. Furthermore, there was no scientifically validated data on phosphorus doses to help extension agents manage the environmental constraints in the Agricultural Operations Regulation (AOR). Therefore it was important to conduct NPK fertilizer trials on this crop.

Objective(s)

  • Determine the nutrient needs of beets based on soil texture and phosphorus and potassium levels under Québec growing conditions.
  • Develop NPK fertilization charts tailored to Québec growing conditions. The knowledge acquired through this project will support the current expansion in beet farming. Applying lower doses than required prevents the crop from growing properly while applying too much fertilizer increases the cost per unit and the risk of nutrient flow into the environment. Proper fertilization therefore will make Québec producers more competitive while protecting the environment.

From 2013 to 2018

Project duration

Market gardening

Activity areas

Fertilizer management, Water protection, Soil health

Services

Adequate beet crop fertilization will help boost the competitiveness of Québec growers, while preserving the quality of the environment.

Partner

Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation du Québec

This may interest you

Potato plants
2014-2017 • Market gardening

Biological characterization of soils to increase potato productivity and soil sustainability

To increase the productivity of potato production systems and preserve soil quality, we need to enhance our knowledge of interactions among biological, physical, chemical, and agronomic characteristics of cultivated soils in various environments.

Researcher: Richard Hogue

Read more about the project

Richard Hogue
Potato field
2019-2022 • Market gardening

Developing a soil microbiome monitoring method to select potato crop management practices that reduce soil-borne pathogens and pesticide applications

Method to monitor and control telluric pathogens affecting potatoes that takes into account the interactions between these pathogens and other soil microbiome organisms.

Researchers: Richard Hogue Luc Belzile

Read more about the project

Richard Hogue
Luc Belzile
Bee
2017-2018 • Market gardening

Impact of composite hedges on natural enemies and pollinators in an organic polyculture system in Québec

This project will provide a better understanding of interactions between a vegetable polyculture system and hedges composed of shrubs and perennials in order to enhance the impact of beneficial insects on vegetable crops.

Read more about the project