Weed control methods to reduce the number of viable seeds in the soil are limited in organic production. Biofumigation could be an attractive option for increasing the mortality of dormant seeds. Biofumigation uses plants naturally rich in glucosinolates (especially the cabbage family), which release toxic volatile compounds (thiocyanates and isothiocyanates) as they decompose. The aim of this project was to explore the potential of biofumigation for reducing weed seed banks and its long-term impact on weed communities. Two experiments were set up at the Organic Agriculture Innovation Platform in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Québec. The first was a greenhouse study on four generations of weeds and the second was a three-year field trial.
From 2014 to 2018
Pest, weed, and disease control, Organic farming
This technique being tested at IRDA could compensate for the lack of weed control options available to organic growers.
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada | Organic Science Cluster II
Meeting nitrogen requirements mainly through the use of a highly stable form of fertilizer can minimize nitrogen losses, provide nitrogen amounts closer to the plant’s actual needs.
Researcher: Christine Landry
This project aims to develop an accessible and user-friendly web application that will let stakeholders search the IRDA potato soil database, one of the largest in Canada, to visualize the impact of growing practices and protocols on the biological, physicochemical, and agronomic characteristics of soils cultivated with different cropping systems.
Researcher: Richard Hogue