A number of vegetable crops, including crucifers, suffer severe damage from cutworms in the spring. Organic growers are running out of solutions for dealing with the situation. Little is known about the ecology of cutworms in the field and about sampling techniques for these pests. Although tests on weed incidence and ploughing have been conducted in Europe and elsewhere in North America, no one has, as of yet, carried out such studies in Québec. The goal of this project is to assess the extent to which cover crop ploughing and burying practices can limit the damage cutworms inflict on vegetable crops. First, we will conduct trials to determine the best caterpillar sampling technique (pitfall traps, bait traps, refuge traps, or soil sifting) and characterize the pest’s spatial distribution before and after planting the vegetable crop. The impact in the field of these cover crop destruction methods on the black cutworm and darksided cutworm populations will then be assessed:
The effect of these treatments on the abundance and spatial distribution of cutworms in cabbage plots will shed light on which practice provides the most satisfactory control of cutworms in organic vegetable production.
From 2020 to 2023
Pest, weed, and disease control, Organic farming
This work will help organic growers limit the damage cutworms inflict on vegetable crops.
Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec
Test whether or not commercial strains coated on Nantes carrot seeds can compete with native strains in the soil to colonize the host plant and, once symbiosis takes place, whether they succeed in doing a better job than the native strains during the transition to organic farming.
Researcher: Christine Landry
Evaluating and developing a high-throughput sequencing-based diagnostic procedure to identify pathogenic organisms.
This project aims to explore and experiment new approaches and ways to preserve, develop, and enhance the MRC’s bio-food sector, and reduce or eliminate the water deficit on the island.