Two study components are proposed to assess the effects of soil degradation and cropping systems on agricultural watercourses. A first part of a study in instrumented micro-basins carried out at the IRDA experimental station in Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon measures the effects of soil degradation and the type of crop on crop productivity, hydrology surface and underground, as well as on the quality of the water, according to a controlled system. A second part of the study at the scale of the sub-watershed (3-30 km2) takes advantage of historical data from the IRDA study network in twin agricultural basins (1997-2019) in order to project, under different conditions of land use and topography, the effects of cropping systems and soil conservation practices on floods, sediment flows and nutrient loads in rivers, following an approach coupling analysis and hydrological modeling.
The main objective of the project is to describe the impact of cropping systems and the phenomenon of soil compaction on hydrological responses at the field scale, and to project these effects on stream flows, at the watershed scale.
The specific objectives are to:
From 2020 to 2023
Soil health, Water protection
Three-year project on an array of mitigation protocols to reduce the application of glyphosate in a field crop system (corn–soybean–grains).
As part of an integrated pest control program, the company Les Serres Rosaire Pion & fils launched an innovative project on the use of flower strips in potted perennial production.
The aim of this work is to bring IRDA’s agri-environmental expertise to bear on the challenges associated with the conversion of agri-food waste into biomolecules with potential agricultural applications.
Researcher: Stéphane Godbout