The striped cucumber beetle (CRC) is the main enemy of cucurbit crops in Quebec. In addition to direct damage to seedlings and transplants, it can transmit bacterial wilt. Organic growers have very few ways to control rootworm and conventional growers mainly use neonicotinoid seed treatments. Rolled-creped rye mulch is a technique already used by many producers to control weeds and diseases. The aim of the present project is to evaluate the effectiveness of a rolled fall rye mulch on the dynamics of CRC, predators and bacterial wilt transmitted by CRC. The experiment will take place at the organic agriculture innovation platform of the Institute for Research and Development in Agro-Environment (IRDA) located in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville. The abundance and population dynamics of the main pests (CRC and squash bugs) and main predators will be assessed. As a comparative treatment, the squash will be planted in the same way in bare soil, without mulch, under mechanical weed control. Our prediction is that CRCs will be less abundant in plots with rye and that predator populations will be more abundant. This technique has already demonstrated its effectiveness in increasing the quality of squash and reducing the presence of weeds in conventional companies. If the growers' observations are validated, organic companies would get an effective way to fight CRC.
To evaluate the effect of rye mulch in reducing the pressure of CRC and other important pests.
Specific objectives :
From 2021 to 2025
Soil health, Water protection, Air quality, Organic farming
Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)
This project aims to explore and experiment new approaches and ways to preserve, develop, and enhance the MRC’s bio-food sector, and reduce or eliminate the water deficit on the island.
By enhancing our understanding: 1) of the nitrogen supply dynamics associated with the use of mixed green and farmyard manure applications, and 2) of the timeline of nitrogen uptake by garlic; we hope to fine-tune fertilization strategies so they meet the needs of garlic crops, while minimizing phosphorus accumulation and nitrogen leaching.
Researcher: Christine Landry