Pelleted laying hen manure is a nitrogen source that is interesting an increasing number of growers, both organic and conventional, because of its efficiency. The first edition of the fertilization guide Guide de référence en fertilisation assigned a high (75.85%) efficiency coefficient (EC) to poultry manure. However, the second edition assigns much lower EC for crops requiring less nitrogen (EC 50–60%; C/N ratio of 8) and higher levels of nitrogen (EC: 60–70 %; C/N ratio of 8).
This is not the same performance of pelleted laying hen manure observed in commercial production. Moreover, the references used to establish the EC do not mention pelleted laying hen manure, but rather cow manure and paper mill sludge that contain much different carbon and nitrogen contents.
Due to the type of carbon and nitrogen in laying hen manure, it has a very low biological stability index (38), i.e. a high mineralization rate, nearer that of raw pig manure (ISB=36) than that of raw cow manure (ISB=47) or composted paper mill sludge (ISB=65). This lack of information leads to significant variability in the ECs used. In fact, consultants and extension agents often ask IRDA for advice on what EC to use. This uncertainty limits the use of laying hen manure and can affect yields and environmental quality if too little or too much fertilizer is applied.
From 2017 to 2019
Fertilizer management, Waste conversion
This work seeks to enhance the fertilizing potential of laying-hen droppings.
Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec | InnovAction - Volet 2
The objective of this study is to create a cheap, effective, ecofriendly alternative to the use of antibiotics on chicken farms by developing a new formula using yeasts, enzymes, and organic acids.
Researcher: Stéphane Godbout
Cow-calf farms tend to prefer outdoor breeding, poor-quality drinking water can have a direct impact on animal health, and may lead to higher pathogen levels in the environment and at slaughter time, and negative consequences for food safety.
This project will evaluate labour productivity and identify best practices and recommendations to boost the pork industry competitiveness.
Researcher: Luc Belzile