This project seeks to improve crop water supply and even limit topsoil nutrient runoff into waterways through the improved management of subsurface drainage systems. This will involve the installation of control units at the drain collector outlets. Our approach relies on the continuous measurement of field water table heights; water exports; as well as sediment, nitrogen, and phosphorus runoff into drains at four field-crop production sites in Montérégie. We will supplement our assessment of the controlled drainage trial results from these four sites with crop yield data. This will allow us to fine tune the system to yield optimal agronomic, economic, and environmental benefits.
From 2019 to 2022
Controlled drainage can reduce nutrient runoff into waterways.
Ferme Astral | Groupe Pro-Conseil | Les Semis 2000 Plus | Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation
Scientific article • Aubert MichaudMichaud, A., S.-C. Poirier., J. Whalen. 2019. Tile Drainage as a Hydrologic Pathway for Phosphorus Export from an Agricultural Subwatershed. Journal of Environmental Quality. 48(1) p. 64-72 Michaud, A., S.-C. Poirier., J. Whalen. 2019. Tile Drainage as a Hydrologic Pathway for Phosphorus Export from an Agricultural Subwatershed. Journal of Environmental Quality. 48(1) p. 64-72 Download Download
Canola and wheat (wheat-corn-canola rotation) were planted in 2016 and 2017, respectively, on 12 experimental plots with tillage practices on the main plots (minimum tillage and chisel plow) and fertilization methods (mineral fertilizers, 25 m3/ha of pig manure and 50 m3/ha of pig manure) in the subplots.
In a wheat/grain corn/soya rotation, green manure can be used to obtain profitable organic grain corn yields while limiting phosphorus pollution.
Researcher: Christine Landry
This project was aimed at evaluating the impact of integrated pest management on the profitability of field crop farms.
Researcher: Luc Belzile