Researcher, agr., Ph.D.
Deep soil compaction adversely impacts crop productivity and its effects endure over a long period of time. It is important to educate farmers on the causes of deep compaction. The Terranimo® tool, a European Web-based platform, simulates the effects of farm equipment traffic on soil compaction by calculating the depth propagation of soil surface loads.
This tool was developed in Europe and validated with a series of test benches that assessed most tires available on the market inflated to various pressures and with applied loads that simulated most types of farming equipment (tractors, trailers, self-propelled machinery). The software, which will be adapted to Québec conditions, will include specific equipment and will optimize tractor balancing. It will also incorporate typical soil and water content profiles that can be selected from an on-line soil map. An apparatus consisting of Bolling-type pressure sensors connected to a computer or programmable logic controller will also be created to measure deep compaction (during demonstration days) in order to provide farmers with tangible results and enhance their knowledge of soil compaction. Lastly, educational material, which will be presented during training days, will be developed to facilitate use of the software, including a document on the causes and effects of deep soil compaction.
From 2019 to 2022
Field crops, Market gardening
This tool will be a valuable asset in the effort to maintain and improve soil health.
Bern University of Applied Sciences
This project evaluated the impact of various corn, soya, and wheat fertilization methods on marketable yields, harvest quality, nitrate losses, and movement of microorganisms potentially pathogenic for humans.
Researcher: Caroline Côté
This project is to arouse interest in approaches to soil health and conservation and to promote their adoption by a greater number of Quebec field crop farmers.
Researchers: Marc-Olivier Gasser Catherine Bossé
A literature review, a survey of organic grain producers, and an analysis of historical yield and climate data in order to document the effects of climate extremes on yields and soil nutrient availability.
Researcher: Marc-Olivier Gasser